Raquel Yrigoyen Fajardo (CV)





Raquel Zonia YRIGOYEN FAJARDO (Curriculum Vitae)



-          Place and date of birth: Huaraz - Ancash , Peru : 31/05/1963

-          Citizenship: Peruvian, Passport 3435867

-          Current contact:

Cel. (51-1) 957-45490.


-          Permanent Address (Peru): Jr. Ribeyro 132, Lima 11, Perú. Tel-fax: (51-1) 4241723. Res. (51-1) 330-4182.

-          E-mail:,

-          Web site:,  

-          Picture with the research team of the book Pathways to justice, released in Cambodia (sept. 2005)


Qualifications summary: major areas.

-Topics of experience: Work experience since 1983 in human rights, access to justice, and indigenous rights. Gender and women’s rights, children’s rights and minority rights. Multiculturalism &intercultural dialogue. Legal pluralism, customary law and indigenous law, indigenous jurisdiction/ community justice. Rule of law, constitutional, legal & judicial reform, alternative dispute resolution. Citizen participation, democracy and local government. Good governance and transparency. Legal anthropology, sociology of law and criminology; constitutional law and criminal law. International Law on human rights, international humanitarian law, and truth commissions.


- Areas of experience: United Nations missions and international cooperation programs; civil society participation, rights awareness raising, consensus building; legal defense and training in human rights; constitutional reform process; institutional strengthening, legal and judicial reform; project design, management, monitoring and evaluation; network creation and support; research and writing reports; university teaching, popular education; editing, and web site design.


Countries in which I have had professional or academic assignments: a) extended periods: Peru (citizen), Guatemala (2006, 1996-1999), Cambodia (2004-2005); Canada (1999-2004),  Spain (1993-1996), United Kingdom (1994), b) Others:  Colombia,  Venezuela, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Panama; El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Cuba, Barbados; Mexico, USA; Italy, France, Germany, Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg; Tunisia; Thailand, Singapore, Taiwan.


Languages:  Spanish (mother tongue), English (UN Proficiency), working knowledge of Portuguese, studies of French.


I.                    STUDIES


PhD in law. University of Barcelona, Faculty of Law, Department of Criminal Law (1993-95). Thesis: Constitutional and criminal subjection of indigenous peoples in the Andean Countries in the XIX century,  defended in November  2005. The thesis awarded highest honors. 


Specialization in Indigenous Customary Law. (Post-graduate studies). Autonomous National University of Mexico and San Carlos University of Guatemala. (1997-1998). Thesis (September 1998): Justice and legal pluralism in Guatemala (awarded highest honors).


Master in Criminal Justice System and Social Problems. University of Barcelona (1993-95). Thesis (June 1995): Constitutional recognition of difference in the Andean Countries (Peru, Colombia and Bolivia).


Common Study Programme on Criminal Justice and Critical Criminology. Erasmus Common Study Programme. Middlesex University, U. Barcelona, U. Bari-Italia, U. Rotterdam-Holland and U. Saarlandes-Germany. Diploma. (1993-1995).


Anthropology Studies. (Post-graduate Diploma). Catholic University of Peru, School of Post-Graduate Studies. Lima (1987-1993).


Graduate in Law (Lawyer). Catholic University of Peru. Thesis: “The Rural Rondas in Peru, a legal anthropology study”. Thesis awarded highest honors. 1993.


This title was homologated as a title of “lawyer” in Spain (Minister of Education Decree, Nov., 17, 1994).

Bachelor in Law. Catholic University of Peru. 1992. Honor list of the Faculty of Law (Lista de Excelencia).


Studies in Law: Catholic University of Peru, Faculty of Law. Lima. (1982-1986).

Studies in Arts: Catholic University of Peru, School of Arts. Lima. (1980-1981).





Awards (among others)

·         Masaji Chiba award for the study of Legal Pluralism. International Institute for the Sociology of Law (IISL). Oñati, Spain,  October 2000. (Internship at the IISL: July 2001).

·         Publication award on Justice in Latin America. Institute of Alternative Legal Services, ILSA. Bogota, Columbia, September 2000.

·         Research Prize.  “Premi Jusfiforum“ for the essay  “Alternatives to prison and harm reduction“. Generalitat de Catalunya. Barcelona,1995.

·         First National Prize in Essay on History. Education Ministry and the newspaper “El Diario Ojo“. Lima, 1979.


Scholarships for Studies (among others)

·         International Fellowship in Comparative Federal Indian Law. University of Oklahoma, College of Law  (May 20-July 7, 2007). (Info: Robertson, Lindsay G.

·         International Seminar on Interculturalism. University of Chile. Santiago, December 2003.

·         International Course in Customary law in Chile. Latin American Network on Legal Pluralism. Arica, Chile, March 18-23, 2000.

·         International course on Justice and Constitution, in Tunis. Academie Internationale de Droit Constitutionnel. Tunisia, July 1995.

·         Doctorate Studies in Spain. Spanish Cooperation Agency (Barcelona, 1993- 1996).

·         Common European Programme on Critical Criminology and Criminal Justice, 1993-1995. Erasmus Programme  grant to study a semester at Middlesex University (London, 1994), and to attend Common Sessions in Bari (Italy), Rotterdam (Holland), Saarbruken (Germany) and Barcelona.

·         Pre-graduate thesis Scholarship. National Council of Sciences and Technology-CONCYTEC. Lima, 1989. The thesis was awarded maximum honors.

·         International Course on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. Human Rights Center of Geneva and Andean Commission of Jurists. Lima, 1988.

·         V Interdisciplinary Course on Human Rights in Costa Rica. InterAmerican Institute on Human Rights-IIDH. San Jose, Costa Rica. 1987.


Scholarships for Conferences and Congress abroad (among others)

·         V Congress of The Latin American Network on Legal Pluralism.CIESAS, Oaxaca and Mexico, Nov. 2006.

·         International Seminar on Access to Justice for the South Pacific Asia. UNPD Thailand. Phnon Penh, Cambodia. September 2005.

·         IV Congress of Researches on indigenous rights. Unversity of Girona, Spain, Oct. 2004.

·         IV Congress of The Latin American Network on Legal Pluralism. Flacso-Ecuador, Quito, August, 2004.

·         International Seminar on Interculturality. University of Chile. Santiago de Chile, Dec. 2003.

·         International Congress of Latinoamericanists, Chile, July 2003 (resigned).

·         III Congress of The Latin American Network on Legal Pluralism. USAID Human Rights Program. Quetzaltenango, Guatemala. August, 2002.

·         Workshop: Sociology of Law in Latin America.  International Institute of Sociology of Law. Oñati, Spain, July 2001.

·         Scholarship to attend the XII International Conference on Folk law and Legal Pluralism. International Committee on Folk Law and Legal Pluralism. Arica, Chile, March 13-17, 2000.

·         Law and Society Annual Congress. Latin American Section. Colorado, USA June 1998.

·         Workshop: The young Sociology of Law in Spain. University of Oñati, International Institute of Sociology of Law. Oñati, Spain. 1995.

·         International Conference on Law and Society in Europe, North America and Latin America. University of Oñati, International Institute of Sociology of Law. Oñati, Spain. 1994.

·         Conference on Critical Epistemologies on Law, organized by Boaventura de Sousa Santos. International Institute of Sociology of Law. Oñati, Spain. 1995.

·         Workshop on Discourses on Drugs Control. IISL, Oñati, Spain. 1994.

·         International Congress on Critical Criminology. Estado do Para, Brazil. 1990.







1.             International Labour Organisation-ILO. Consultant to develop the Program to implement and promote the 169 ILO Covenant on Indigenous Peoples in Latin America. Lima, July 16- May 8, 2008. (Info: Birgitte Feiring & José Luis Daza,


2.             UNDP Bolivia. Consultant. Expert in constitutional law, indigenous rights and legal pluralism. Advisor of the constitutional reform process in Bolivia Tasks: 1) Analyzes and support of the constitutional proposal of indigenous organizations before the Assembly, 2) Advisor of the constitutional assembly members, 3) Lecturer at seminars and courses. La Paz, Santa Cruz and Sucre, March- May 2007. (Info: Alfonso Ferrufino & Vilma Romero,


3.             IS GTZ -European Union and COPREDEH Programme “Fight against exclusions in Guatemala”. International expert on gender and multiculturalism. The Programme seeks the social inclusion of indigenous and rural woman in Guatemala, the enforcement of their human rights, the implementation of equity policies, and the eradication of discrimination. Guatemala, April 2006-January 2007. (Info: Claudia Neuenburg,


4.             United Nations Development Program- UNDP Colombia. Consultant (Feb.-March 2006). Assestment and proposals related to the human rights training at the Penitenciary School, as part of a project to improve human rights in prisons. Lima and Bogota (Info: Janneth Aparicio


5.             United Nations Development Program – UNDP Cambodia. Consultant (May 2004-Sept. 2005). Research Team Leader. Research-action on “Access to justice in Cambodia with focus on the poor, women, indigenous peoples”. Analysis of the social demand for justice and the supply of justice services (judiciary, ADR, community based systems of justice and indigenous law). Report and recommendations to be considered in the legal and judicial reform programme, published by UNDP ( Key Speaker at the Asian Workshop on Access to Justice. Canada (Montreal) and Cambodia (Phnom Penh, Mondulkiri, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Kampong Tom, Siem Riep, Ratankariri). (Info: Sara Ferrer


6.             United Nations Development Program – UNDP Ecuador. Consultant (August, 2004).

Evaluation and support of the research Project: Indigenous customary law, access to justice, and gender, in 22 indigenous communities in Ecuador. Report and recommendations. Quito, August 2004. (Info: Francesco Notti


7.             Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Lund University and the Guatemalan Ombudsman, with the support of the Swedish International Development Aid (SIDA). Consultant. International expert in a Seminar on International Human Rights and Indigenous rights for Ombudsman personnel and court officials (Huehuetenango), and for indigenous leaders (Quiche). Guatemala, February 2004. (Info: Rolf Ring y Abigail Booth


8.             Swedish International Development Aid-SIDA, Embassy of Sweden in Guatemala. Consultant, team leader. Study on Access to Justice in Guatemala. The study includes a balance of the formal justice system reform, indigenous law and alternative dispute resolution, and recommendations to improve the access to justice for indigenous communities and disadvantage people. The purpose of the study is to serve as the main input for the Swedish cooperation programs in Guatemala during the next 5 years ($US 10’000,000.00 donation). Guatemala and Toronto, March-May 2003. (Info: Henrik Riby


9.             United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Truth Commission of Peru. Consultant. (Toronto, June- July 2002). Legal framework to be applied by the Truth Commission related to collective indigenous rights, International law of human rights, humanitarian law, genocide and war crimes. (Reference: José Burneo, Director of the Legal Department,


10.          United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and Ombudsman of Peru. (Info: Walter Albán, Ombudsman Consultant.

-          Adviser on Indigenous rights and communal justice. (Lima, January-February 2004).

-          Speaker at regional and national conferences on “Constitutional Reform, the right of previous consultation and legal pluralism” (Chota-Cajamarca and Lima, February 2003).

-          Expert opinion on legal reform related to indigenous rights and speaker at the Congress on Consultation for a bill on “Rondas campesinas.”  (Lima, April 2002)

-          Design of a Strategic Plan on Justice and indigenous peoples for three years 2001-2003. - Civil society participation in justice. - Evaluation of the research on Customary law in the Amazon. (Lima, Cajamarca, Pucallpa- Peru, Oct.-Nov. 2000).

-          Adviser and speaker about the creation of a Truth Commission (Feb. 2001).

-          Adviser: Research on Prison and Indigenous Peoples (July 1999).


11.          Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the OAS. Independent Expert.  (March, 2002).Hearing on the Situation of Human rights in Colombian  Prisons. 114° Period of session. Washington DC.


12.          United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Office in Colombia. Consultant. Member of a three members Mission on “Human Rights and Prison in Colombia”. (Bogota, Cali, Valledupar, Bucaramanga, October-November 2001). Tasks: Visiting 15 prison and writing a report on the situation of human rights in prisons in Colombia: “Centros de Reclusión en Colombia: Un estado de cosas inconstitucional y de flagrante violación de derechos humanos”./  I was in charge of two chapters: II Indigenous and Afrocolombian in prison, and III Criminal and penitentiary policy, and the integration of the final report. (Info: Carmen Rosa Villa. (


13.          World Bank, Supreme Court of Justice of Venezuela and Indigenous Commission of the Congress. Consultant. (Info: Congressperson Noelí Pocaterra (, and Guillermo Guevara ( Adviser for the redaction of Indigenous Bill. Chapter on Indigenous Law (capítulos X. Del Derecho y la Jurisdicción Especial Indígena, y XI. De los derechos de los indígenas ante la Jurisdicción Ordinaria), and the right to previous consultation. Draft for a programme on indigenous rights at the University of Zulia. Speaker at the International Forum on Indigenous Law and legal reform for judges and congressman. (Caracas, Bolívar and Zulia, April 2002; and Caracas, December 2001).


14.          Justice Program CHECCHI/ USAID in Guatemala. (Info: Steve Hendrix & Brian Treacy, CEO.

-                      Consultant. Guidelines to work on Justice and Multilingualism, and presentation of a book on that issue: Justicia y Multilingüismo. (October 2001).

-                      Consultant. Commented on Guatemalan bills to restructure the career structure of the judiciary considering multicultural issues (Toronto: January-May. 2000).

-                      Consultant. Justice and Multilingualism. Drafted guidelines for a program to implement multilingualism in the national justice system in order to improve access to justice for indigenous peoples (Guatemala: Aug.-Sept. 1999). Report was published in form of a book on Oct. 2001.


15.          International Institute on Law and Society-IILS. President (2002-now). The IILS supports:

-          The web site – Portal on Law & Society for the Latin American Network on Law & Society. Task: Editor (Toronto, Feb. 2000- now).

-          International exchange program on Multiculturalism, indigenous rights and legal pluralism. Task: Coordinator.


16.          Inter-American Institute of Human Rights (IIDH): Consultant and speaker in International seminars. (Info: Roberto Cuéllar, Academic Director,

-          Prison and Indigenous Peoples in Latin America (Guatemala, Aug. 1999)

-          Reparation for human rights violations (Guatemala: April 1999).


17.          Myrna Mack Foundation: Consultant. Study “Guidelines  for the Coordination of State and Indigenous Law” (Guatemala: 1999). Published in form of a book in 1999 (Pautas de Coordinación entre el Derecho Indígena y el Derecho Estatal). Info: Helen Mack.


18.          Associates in Rural Development (ARD, Inc).:

-                      Consultant. Design of USAID Justice Reform Program in Guatemala, multicultural issues. (Guatemala, Nov. 1998- Jan. 1999).

-                      Consultant. Citizenship participation in legislative process in El Salvador (San Salvador, May 1999).


19.          UN Office of Project Services and Truth Commission (CEH): International researcher. (Guatemala: Sept. 1998- March 1999). (Info:Marcie Mersky  Tasks: a) Chief of a three-person investigative unit. Author of the chapter “Violations against indigenous collective rights”. (Violación de los derechos colectivos a la existencia, integridad e identidad de los pueblos indígenas). b) Revision of other chapters: legal framework on international human rights and humanitarian law, violations against women, missing people, children, self-defense patrols.  c) Member of the final revision team. (Final Report was published in 1999. Informe final).


20.          United Nations Mission for Verification in Guatemala-MINUGUA: Project Officer. Chief of Project “Justice and Multiculturalism (Feb.1996- Aug. 1998). Chief of a team of nine (9) professionals and three (3) external practitioners.  Drafted guidelines to implement multilingualism in judicial system in indigenous areas. Consensus building with more than 80 organizations and institutions: justice sector, indigenous organizations, universities, NGO, municipalities. Principal tasks: research on Justice situation, design and implementation of a multilingual judicial  program, creation of regional commissions of justice, design of university programs on bilingual justice, workshops with judges and indigenous leaders on justice and multiculturalism. Institutional strengthening. Development of a Training Program for Mayan Translators. Publication of bilingual material. Legal reform proposals. (info: Leila Lima former Chief of Institutional Strengthening


21.          United Nations Development Program-UNDP. Consultant. (Santiago de Chile, July 1996). Member of a team in charge of drafting “Justice and governance” for a Latin-American presidents meeting. Coordinator: Jorge Obando.


22.          United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI). Research Consultant. Research: Alternative Policing styles (cross-cultural perspectives). Author of the chapter “Rural Rondas in Peru” (Published in Rome, 1993).


23.          National Council of Sciences and Technology (CONCYTEC) Peru: Researcher. (Lima, Aug.-Oct. 1993). Two research assistants. Systematization of the last 20 years of research on law and society in Peru.  Author of the chapter “The State of  Socio-Legal Investigations in Peru, the last 20 years.” (Published in 1994). Info: Humberto Rodríguez.


24.          Andean Commission of Jurists (CAJ): Research consultant. (Lima: January-Aug.1993)

-                      Chief of international research: “Penal control of Drugs in the Andean countries (Columbia, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile and Venezuela)”. Chief of three research assistants and coordinator of eight international researchers. Design of the comparative research and writing of final report (Published in 1994).

-                      Consultant. Program design: Judge Training Program (Lima, Dec. 1994- Jan. 1995).

-                      Consultant. Project design: Democracy, Indigenous People and Legal Pluralism (Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador). Lima, July-Aug. 1994.


25.          Bishop’s Commission of Social Action (Comisión Episcopal de Acción Social de la Conferencia Episcopal Peruana- CEAS) (Lima, 1983 -1992). (Info: Laura Vargas, Executive Secretary, Member of the Legal Department for almost 10 years with different posts:

-                      1992: Coordinator of the Roundtable on Cultural & Legal Pluralism (inter-institutional network) which successfully proposed the constitutional recognition of customary law in 1993.

-                      1990-1992: Chief of the Training Area, and Human Rights national network. (Interdisciplinary team: 4 professionals). Support of local offices of human rights; organization of National workshops on Justice and Human Rights for lawyers and judges, Publications of books; national campaigns.

-                      1987 -1989: Chief of legal defense team for prisoners of conscience. Design of defense strategy and supervision of lawyers (Team: 4 lawyers, 6 practitioners; 15-20 external lawyers).

-                      1985 -1986: legal assistant (coordinator of 2-3 practitioners).

-                      1983 -1984: legal practitioner.


26.          Associate researcher of the Latin American Group on Critical Criminology (1989-1994).

-                      1994     Indigenous people, Constitution and criminal law. (Lima).

-                      1993     Tow topics: a) Drug control. b) Legal Pluralism and Rondas. (San Salvador).

-                      1992     Legal Pluralism. Proposal for a comparative study in Latin America. (Santa Cruz, Bolivia).

-                      1991     Institutional control of youth and women (Guayaquil, Ecuador).

-                      1990     Informal control (Belem do Para, Brazil).

-                      1989     Popular law (Bogota and Villa de Leiva, Colombia).

(Info: Lolita Aniyar de Castro:


27.          SHORT CONSULTANCIES. Consultant and advisor for different institutions, NGO and social organizations:


·         Institute of Democracy and Human Rights of the Catholic University of Peru. Consultant to design the program on Access to justice in the countryside and legal pluralism. OK-Lima, junio-julio 2007.

·         Institute of Governance of the World Bank. Consultant to support the constitutional process. Tasks: a) Speaker at a Forum on Community Justice; b) Conferences for judges, students and indigenous leaders; and c) Advise to the Justice Commission of the Constitutional Assembly.  La Paz & Sucre: March 2007. (


·         Centro Pluricultural por la Democracia-CPD (Pluricultural Centre for Democracy). Consultant. Project on Coordination between indigenous authorities and ordinary justice system. Facilitator for building capacities of judges, attorneys and public defenders on legal pluralism and access to justice for indigenous peoples. Speaker at workshops with indigenous authorities and  justice operators. Guatemala, February 2007. (info: Marilin Villagran


-                      Rural Rondas. Advisor and speaker in workshops and Congress: Chota, Dec. 2006; Lima, Nov. 2001, Chocas-Lima (March 2001),  Huaraz (March 2001 and July 1999), and Bambamarca (Oct. 2000 and Aug. 1999). (Info:, y  Daniel Idrogo


-                      ILAS-London. Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London. Several consultancies.

- Referee of publications for the Journal of Latin American Studies (Toronto, Sept.-Oct. 2003).

- Research Consultant, lecturer and writer of a chapter for a book. (London, April, 2000). Info: Rachel Sieder


-                      Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences-FLACSO in Guatemala. Consultant. The recognition of indigenous law in the Latin American constitutions. Guatemala, February, 2002. (Info: Simona Yagenova


-                      CLD- Corporación Latinoamericana de Desarrollo. Consultant. Constitutional collective rights in Ecuador and the Andean Countries. (Quito, Nov. 2000). Info: Speech published in form of a book in 2001.


-                      Bishop Commission of Social Action (CEAS). Consultant (Lima, Nov. 2001). Consultant and speaker: International Forum on Special Jurisdiction and Community Justice (Lima, march 2001); International Conference on criminal policy (Lima, Oct. 2000); Course for judges: Access to Justice and Multiculturalism (Casma, Peru, Aug. 1999). Info:


-                      Indigenous Peoples’ Commission on Constitutional Reform -COPMAGUA. Advisor. (Guatemala 1997-98).


-               Catalonian Institute of Social Reintegration (IreS). Advisor. Systematization of IReS experience with prisoners and former prisoners. (Barcelona, 1995). Report published in 1995. (Info: María Dolors Vallés


-               Jurists with out borders (Juristas sin Fronteras). Advisor. Program of international cooperation with Latin America. (Barcelona, 1995-6).


-               Judges for democracy in Spain and Europe (MEDEL). Advisor. Conference “Justice and Democracy in Latin American, African and East European countries”. (Barcelona, 1994).


-               UNICEF and Peruvian Committee for Drafting of Children’s Rights Code. Advisor. (Lima, 1993).


-               Latin American Committee for Women’s Rights (CLADEM). Advisor on gender and criminology issues (Lima, 1992-1993).


-               Constitutional Reform Commission, Peruvian Judiciary. Advisor on legal pluralism and customary law. (Lima, 1992-1993).


-               Justice and Peace  Academy, CEAPAZ. (1991 - 1992). Professor of Sociology of law and legal anthropology.


-               Family and Childhood Institute (IDEIF). Consultant and speaker. Courses of human rights, criminology and justice  for Juvenile Policemen. (Lima, 1991-2).


-               Women’s Rights Commission –IU. Author. Chapter “Legal Situation of Women”. In: Women’s dignity and rights recognition (Lima, 1985)..


III.                UNIVERSITY TEACHING EXPERIENCE (Guess professor and speaker)


·         University of Oklahoma and the Supreme Court of Oklahoma. Speaker at the Sovereignty Symposium XX. New Trends on the Latin American constitutionalism. Oklahoma, May 2007. (info:

·         Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar and UNDP Bolivia. A) Professor at the Semminar on International and Comparative Indigenous rights and legal pluralism, and b)  Speaker at a Seminar on Human Rights, Politics and Constitution. Sucre, April and May 2007. (Info:

·         San Marcos University of Peru (UNMSM). Summer course on Indigenous Peoples’ rights. Taller Renacere. (March 2007). (info: Maria Alicia Baca Macazana

·         San Carlos University of Guatemala (USAC). Postgraduate studies on interpretation and translation into indigenous languages. Opening lecture on Justice and Multilingualism in Guatemala. Guatemala, July, 28, 2006. (Info: Edgar Batres,

·         American University, Rafael Landívar University and COPREDEH. Course on human rights. Lecture on Justice, gender and ethnicity. Guatemala, July, 21, 2006. (info: Frank La Rue,

·         University of Gerona, Spain. Guest Lecturer at the Doctorate in Law Programme. Opening class: Indigenous Policies in Latin America along the history. December 1st, 2005. Info: Jose María Pérez Collados (

·         University of Arizona and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Special Rapporteur on the situation of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people. Key speaker at the Expert Seminar on the implementation of Legislation and Jurisprudence on indigenous rights in the Americas. Tucson, October 2005. Info: James Anaya (

·         Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. Speaker at The international expert seminar on “Dealing with the past in Guatemala: The long road to reparation and reconciliation”, and the Academic week on Guatemala: “Human Rights and Indigenous Worldviews: competitive or complementary ?”, organized by CADES Master’s programme in Cultures and Development and the Institute on aw and Society of the Faculty of Law, Leuven February- March 2005. (info: Stephan Parmentier

·         Universitat de Girona, Spain. Speaker at the IV Meeting of researches on Indigenous rights. ( Speech: “Constitutional subjection of indigenous peoples in the XIX century and its projection in the future.” Gerona, October 2004. Info: Marco Aparicio (

·         International University Menéndez Pelayo, Valencia, Spain. Guest professor. Summer course: “Cultural diversity, law and social conflict”. Valencia, October 2004. (Info:

·         FLACSO-Ecuador. Guest professor. Course: “Challenges for the construction of Intercultural status: human rights, legal pluralism and public policies.  Quito, August 2004. (Info: Fernando García,

·         University of Lund, Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. International expert in a Seminar on International Human Rights and Indigenous rights. Course for Ombudsman personnel and court officials (Huehuetenango), and for indigenous leaders (Quiche). Guatemala, February 2004.

·         University of Chile. International Seminar on Interculturality. Speaker. Santiago de Chile, December 2003.

·         Universidad de Educación a Distancia-UNED and United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Special Rapporteur on the situation of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people. Speaker at “Expert Seminar on Indigenous People and the Administration of Justice”. Madrid, November 2003.

·         Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences in Ecuador –FLACSO Ecuador. Professor at the Master program in Ethnic Studies. Course: Multiculturalism, legal pluralism and indigenous law ( Quito, April 2003 (Info: Fernando García,

·         Oñati University- International Institute for the sociology of law. Professor at the Masters program 2002-2003. Course: Multiculturalism, Legal Pluralism and Indigenous Law. Oñati, Spain, November 2002 (Info: Manuel Calvo

·         International University of Andalusia (Universidad Internacional de Andalucía) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. Professor at Summer Course: Treaties and other constructive agreements between States and Indigenous Peoples. Seville: September 2001. (Info: Bartolomé Clavero

·         Antigua Universidad de Oñati: Summer Course: Human Rights and Cultural Identities. Oñati, Spain: International Institute for the Sociology of Law, July 2001. (Info:

·         Oxford University, Centre for Socio-legal studies: Colloquium: Law and Globalization. Speaker. The Latin American perspective. Oxford, June 2001.

·         Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú and Ombudsman of Peru: Speaker at the International Forum on Indigenous Law and Justice. Lima, March 12-13, 2001.

·         Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar and CLD: Constitutional protection of collective rights in Ecuador and the Andean Countries. Quito: Nov. 8-9, 2000.

·         Ryerson College, International Conference on Penal Abolitionism: Criminalization of Indigenous peoples in Peru. Toronto, May 2000.

·         National University of San Marcos, Faculty of Law. Guest lecturer. Cultural criminalization, in Course of Criminology (Lima, Oct. 2000).

·         University of London, Institute of Latin American Studies: Speaker. Workshop: “Pluri-cultural and Multi-ethnic: evaluating the implications for State and Society in Mesoamerica and the Andes”. London, April 2000.

·         University of Arica and University of Chile: Legal Pluralism and Customary law Conference. Arica, Chile, March 2000.

·         Western Center, San Carlos University of Guatemala. Specialization in Bilingual Justice. Guest lecturer. Opening class: Justice and Multiculturalism. Quetzaltenango, 1999.

·         San Carlos University of Guatemala. Master in Criminology. Guest lecturer. Opening class: History of criminology, schools of thought in criminology. (Guatemala, Feb. 1999).

·         Huracan University of Nicaragua and AMEU. Diploma in Customary law. Guest lecturer: History of Legal Anthropology and Indigenous policies. (Guatemala and Quetzaltenango, Dec. 1998).

·         University of Amsterdam and Center for Latin American Research and Documentation -CEDLA. Speaker. Indigenous People and State Reforms in Latin America. (Amsterdam, 1998).

·         Autonomous University of Madrid and AECI- Master in Sustainable Development Management. Guess lecturer: Legal Pluralism and Indigenous law (Quetzaltenango, Aug. 1998).

·         Autonomous University of Mexico and San Carlos University of Guatemala. Specialization in Customary Indigenous law. Professor. Courses: Legal anthropology and legal pluralism. Indigenous policies in Latin America. (Guatemala, 1997- 98).

·         San Carlos University of Guatemala, Western Center. Guest Lecturer: Cultural and legal pluralism, Justice and multilingualism. (Quetzaltenango, 1997).

·         Rafael Landívar University- Quetzaltenango Faculties. Legal translator career. Guest lecturer. Seminars: Sociology of Law and Legal Anthropology. (Guatemala, 1996 -1997).

·         Rafael Landívar University, Economic and Social Studies Institute. Guest lecturer. Workshop for researchers on Legal Anthropology and field research methodology. (Guatemala, 1996).

·         La Rábida University, Spain. Master in Democracy in Latin America. Guess Lecturer: “Peasant Rondas and Legal Pluralism in Peru”. (Huelva- Spain, 1995).

·         Basque Country University, International Institute of Sociology of Law. Speaker in: Young Sociologist of law in Spain: “Legal Pluralism in Peru” (Oñate, Spain 1995).

·         Basque Country University, International Institute of Sociology of Law. Speaker in: Critical epistemologies of Law. Conference organized by B. de Sousa Santos. Oñati, 1994.

·         Basque Country University, International Institute of Sociology of Law. Speaker in: State of research in Law and society in Europe, Latin America and USA. Oñati, 1994.

·         Autonomous University of Barcelona and MONTRE. Speaker. Drug control policies in Latin America. Bellaterra, Spain. 1994.

·         San Martín de Porres University. Guess Lecturer. Human Rights in Peru. (Lima, 1993).

·         University of El Salvador. Speaker. Narcotics Crime Control. (El Salvador, 1993).

·         University of Lima. Speaker: “Peasant Rondas and legal Pluralism“. (Lima, 1993).

·         San Marcos University. Faculty of Law. Guess Lecturer. Critical criminology. (Lima 1993, and Nov. 2000).

·         Autonomous University of Mexico, Juridical research institute. “Peasant Rondas and Legal Pluralism in Peru”. (Mexico, 1992).

·         Inca Garcilazo de la Vega University. Faculty of Psychology. “Criminal stereotype and criminalization process”. (Lima, 1992).

Catholic University of Peru. Faculties of Law and Social Sciences. Classes: Criminology, Legal Anthropology, sociology of law. (Lima,1990-1993, 1998 and Nov. 2000)

IV.                PUBLICATIONS



1.            (2005) Pathways to justice. Access to justice in Cambodia with a focus on the poor, women and indigenous peoples. UNDP and Ministry of Justice of Cambodia (with Kong Rady and Phan Sin). (

2.            (2001) Justicia y Multilingüismo.  Guatemala: Justice Program Checchi/AID. (Preface by Steve Hendrix- AID).

3.            (1999) Pautas de Coordinación entre el Derecho Indígena y el Derecho Estatal. Guatemala: Fundación Myrna Mack (Preface by Jorge Solares, FLACSO Guatemala).


Chapters of books, articles in magazines, and reports:


4.            (2007) "Hacia una Jurisprudencia Pluralista", en Anuario de Derecho penal 2006: Derecho Penal y Pluralidad Cultural, Primera Edición 2007, José Hurtado Pozo (Director). Fondo Editorial de la PUCP y Universidad de Friburgo, Zuiza (pp. 377 – 415).

5.            Hitos del reconocimiento del pluralismo jurídico y el derecho indígena en las políticas indigenistas y el constitucionalismo andino” in Berraondo, Mikel (coord.): Pueblos Indígenas y derechos humanos. Bilbao: Universidad de Deusto, 2006. (pp. 537-567).

6.            Hacia una jurisprudencia pluralista. Comentario sobre una sentencia de la Corte Suprema del Perú que interpretael art. 149 de la Constitución y absuelve a ronderos por presunto delito de secuestro y otros”. In: Aparicio, Marco (coord.): Caminos hacia el reconocimiento. Pueblos indígenas, derechos y pluralismo. Girona: Universitat de Girona, Cátedra Internacional de UNESCO, 2005. pp181-202.

7.            Vislumbrando un Horizonte Pluralista: Rupturas y retos epistemológicos y políticos” In: Castro, Milka (editora): Desafíos de la Interculturalidad. Identidad, Política y Derecho. Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Chile, 2004.

8.            Legal Pluralism, Indigenous Law and the Special Jurisdiction in the Andean Countries”  In: Beyond Law, Informal Justice and Legal Pluralism in the Global South Vol. 10, Issue # 27, 2004.

9.            Pluralismo jurídico, derecho indígena y jurisdicción especial en los países andinos” In: Revista El Otro Derecho No 30, Variaciones sobre la justicia comunitaria. Bogota: ILSA, 2004. (pp. 171-196). (

10.          El derecho indígena en los países andinos: ¿Mecanismos alternativos o jurisdicción propia?” In:   Revista CREA: Nro 4. Temuco: Centro de Resolución alternativa de conflictos CREA, Universidad Católica de Temuco, 2003.

11.          El derecho indígena en el nuevo constitucionalismo pluralista de Venezuela y los Países Andinos in: Administración de Justicia y Pueblos Indígenas en la perspectiva del derecho intercultural. Caracas: Tribunal Supremo de Justicia Venezuela & the World Bank, 2003.

12.          ”Alcances, límites y retos del reconocimiento del derecho indígena en los Países Andinos” (HR/MADRID/IP/SEM/2003/BP.14) In: Papers submitted by Experts. Expert Seminar on Indigenous Peoples and the Administration of Justice. Madrid: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and UNED, 2003.

13.          Acceso a la Justicia en Guatemala situación y propuestas. Guatemala: Swedish International Development Aid -SIDA, Embassy of Sweden in Guatemala, 2003.

14.          Fundamentos jurídicos para una justicia multilingüe en Guatemala” (PDF) In: José E. Ordóñez (coordinador): XI Jornadas Lascasianas. El derecho a la lengua de los pueblos indígenas. México: UNAM, 2003, 1ra ed.

15.          Rondas Campesinas y reconocimiento constitucional. En: Alpanchis (2003), Cusco: Centro Bartolomé de las Casas.

16.          El reconocimiento constitucional del pluralismo legal en el Perú. Hacia una interpretación comprensiva del Convenio 169 y la Constitución”. In: Calvo, Manuel (2002): Identidades Culturales y Derechos Humanos. Madrid: Dykinson- IISJ. (p. 229-254).

17.          Rondas campesinas y pluralismo legal: Necesidad de reconocimiento constitucional y desarrollo legislativo.” In: Defensoría del Pueblo (2002): Hacia una ley de Rondas Campesinas. Lima: Defensoría del Pueblo. (p. 81-122).   

18.          Peasant self-defense patrols and the impact of militarization”. In: Forum Solidarity Peru, # 35 Year 12, July 2002.

19.          “Peru: Pluralist Constitution, Monist Judiciary - A Post-Reform Assessment” In: Sieder, Rachel ed. (2002): Multiculturalism in Latin America: indigenous rights, diversity and democracy. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Spanish version: Constitucion Pluralista, Judicatura Monista: Balance de la Constitucion peruana de 1993.

20.          UN Mission Report “Centros de reclusión en Colombia: Un estado de cosas inconstitucional y de violación de derechos humanos.” (co-author). Bogota: United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Office in Colombia. 2001.

21.          La protección, amparo o tutela constitucional de derechos colectivos en el Ecuador y los países andinos”. In: Memorias de Eventos de Derecho constitucional. Quito: CLD, 2001.

22.          Retos para construir una Juridicidad Pluralista (Balance de los Proyectos de ley sobre el art. 149-Derecho Consuetudinario - Legislaturas 1995-2000 y 2000-junio 2001). I Encuentro de la Sección Peruana de Antropología Jurídica. Lima, PUC, February 2001(Published 2003).

23.          “Judicial Treatment of Cultural Diversity and the Special jurisdiction in Peru”. Beyond Law, Vol. 7, issue 23, February 2001. ILSA.

24.          “Tratamiento judicial de la diversidad cultural y la jurisdicción especial”. Bogota: Review El Otro Derecho, N 25, ILSA, Dec. 2000. 

25.          Tratamiento Judicial de la Diversidad Cultural y la Jurisdicción Especial en el Perú. In: Derecho Consuetudinario y Pluralismo Legal: Desafíos del Tercer Milenio. Arica: Universidad de Tarapacá y Universidad de Chile, 2000.

26.          “The constitutional recognition of indigenous Law in the Andean Countries”. In: Assies, W.,G. Van der Haar y Hoekema (eds.): The Challenge of Diversity, Indigenous Peoples and Reforms of the State in Latin America. Amsterdam: Thela Thesis. 2000.

27.          “El reconocimiento constitucional del derecho indígena en los países andinos”. In: Assies, W.,G. Van der Haar y Hoekema (eds.): Los retos de la diversidad, Pueblos Indígenas y Reformas del Estado en Latinoamérica. México: Colegio de Michoacán. 1999.

28.          Reconocimiento constitucional del derecho consuetudinario y la jurisdiccion especial en los paises andinos. Buenos Aires: Pena y Estado, Revista Latinoamericana de Política Criminal,  N 4, Editores del Puerto, 1999.

29.          “El debate sobre el reconocimiento constitucional del derecho indígena en Guatemala”. In: América Indígena, vol. LVIII, Num. 1-2, Jan.-Jun. 1998. Mexico: Instituto Indigenista Interamericano, 1999.

30.          “Justice and Legal Pluralism in Guatemala”. In: Papers of Annual Meeting of Law and Society Association. Snowmass, Colorado, USA, Jun. 1998.

31.          “Un caso de Pluralidad Jurídica en el Perú: las rondas campesinas de Cajamarca”. In: La Joven Sociología jurídica en España. Aportaciones para una consolidación. Oñate, Spain: International Institute of Sociology of Law. 1997.

32.          “Una fractura original en América Latina: La necesidad de una Juridicidad Pluralista”. In: Guatemala: Oprimida, Pobre o Princesa Embrujada. Guatemala: F. FRIEDRICH EBER, 1997.

33.          “Control Penal y Diversidad Cultural”. In: Conflicto Social y Derecho Penal. Salamanca: Universidad de Salamanca and COLEX, 1996.

34.          “Marco Constitucional para la Pluralidad Jurídica. In: Desfaciendo Entuertos,  year 3, N° 1, Oct. 1996. Lima: IPRECONM.

35.          “Alternativas a la prisión y reducción de sus efectos vulnerantes”. Barcelona, Generalitat de Catalunya. Premi Justiforum (Research Prize),  1995.

36.          Constitución, jurisdicción Indígena y derecho consuetudinario. Lima: CEAS and Desfaciendo Entuertos, 1995.

37.          “Estudios socio-legales en el Perú (1975-1993). Los textos en contexto.” In: Papers, New trends in Socio-legal Studies in Latin America and Europe. Oñati, Spain: International Institute of Sociology of Law, 1994.

38.          “Apuntes sobre el artículo 149 de la Constitución Peruana”. In: Desfaciendo Entuertos. N°. 3-4, 1994. Lima: IPRECONM.

39.          “La ley del Estado frente a las Rondas” and “ Rondas Campesinas y Justicia Estatal”. In: Justicia Penal y Sociedad, Revista Guatemalteca de Ciencias Penales. Year III, N° 5, Aug.1994. Guatemala: IECCPG.

40.          “Rondas Campesinas y Justicia Estatal: Hacia una pedagogía del Encuentro”. In: Cuadernos del IEJES. N° 11. San Salvador: Instituto de Estudios Jurídicos de El Salvador, 94.

41.          “Derecho. Estado de la cuestión de las investigaciones en derecho, el derecho puesto en cuestión”. In: Investigaciones en Ciencias Sociales. Un balance necesario. Lima: Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología -CONCYTEC, 1994.

42.          Drogas y Control Penal en los Andes. (coauthor). Lima : Comisión Andina de Juristas, 1994.

43.          “Rural Rondas in Perú”. In: Alternative Policing Styles: Cross-Cultural Perspectives.” Serie UNICRI. Denver, Roma, N.Y.: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute-UNICRI. 1993.

44.          Memoria del I Taller Nacional sobre Rondas Campesinas, Justicia y Derechos Humanos. Lima: CEAS, 1993.

45.          “Rondas Campesinas”. In: ORE GUARDIA, Arsenio: Estudios de Derecho Procesal Penal. Lima: ed. Alternativas, 1993.

46.          “Viejos y nuevos desencuentros del poder Judicial”. In “Portavoz” N° 32. ILSA (Alternative Legal Services Institute). Bogota, 1992.

47.          “Pluralidad Jurídica y Propuestas de Reforma Constitucional”. In: I Taller Nacional sobre Rondas Campesinas, Justicia y Derechos Humanos. Lima: Comisión Andina de Juristas, Obispado de Cajamarca and Comisión Episcopal de Acción Social. 1992.

48.          “A propósito de la reforma penal: El sentido  (o sin sentido) del sistema penal”, In: VI Taller Nacional sobre Justicia y Derechos Humanos. Lima: CEAS. 1992.

49.          “Rondado el Derecho”. In: Informativo Jurídico. N° 20. Trujillo, Oct. 1992.

50.          “Rondas Campesinas y Pluralismo Jurídico”. In: Andean Jurists Commission Bulletin, N° 34. Lima, Sept. 1992.

51.          “Perspectiva Critica sobre el sistema Penal”. In: Materiales en Derechos Humanos.  Lima: Taller de Derecho de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 1992.

52.          “Rondando el Derecho”. In: I Taller Nacional sobre Rondas Campesinas, Justicia y Derechos Humanos. Lima: Comisión Andina de Juristas et al. 1992.

53.          “Una Mirada Critica al Sistema Penal”. In: I Taller Nacional sobre Rondas Campesinas, Justicia y Derechos Humanos. Lima: CAJ et al. 1992.

54.          “El preso sin condena en el Perú”. In: El Diario Oficial El Peruano”. Lima, 1990.

55.          “El delito de portación de cara”. In: El Diario Oficial “El Peruano”. Lima, Jun. 1992.

56.          “Los desencuentros del poder judicial”. In: El Diario Oficial “El Peruano”. Lima, 15/7/92.

57.          “Algunas reflexiones sobre poder, violencia y derecho”. In: El Otro derecho N° 2. Bogota: ILSA. Feb. 1991.

58.          “Nociones Básicas sobre Criminología Crítica”. In Separata N° 2 de Criminología. Lima: CEAS. 1990.

59.          “Las Rondas Campesinas en Cajamarca - Las Rondas y el Derecho”. Magazine “Derecho y Polémica”. Lima, Dic. 1987 N° 1 - year 3.

60.          “Situación Jurídica de la Mujer” In: “Programa Nacional de Reconocimiento de la Igualdad y Dignidad de la mujer”. Lima: Comisión de la Mujer de IU, 1985.

61.          “Ensayo de Historia sobre la Guerra con Chile”. (First National Prize in History Contest). Lima: Ministerio de Educación y Diario Ojo, 1979.



V.                  EDITORIAL EXPERIENCE


1.                  Editor of the web site “ALERTANET- Portal on Law & Society”.  of the Latin American Network on Law and Society (Feb. 2000-now).

2.                  Journal of Latin American Studies, published by Cambridge University Press. Referee of publications related to judicial system and customary law (2003). (info:

3.                  Member, Editorial Committee of The Latin American Review on Criminal Policy: “Pena y Estado”, Annual publication of ten countries, coordinated by Alberto Binder and Juan Bustos, INECIP- Buenos Aires.  (1994 -).

4.                  Member, Editorial Committee “Desfaciendo Entuertos – Magazine of alternative dispute resolution, published by IPRECOM and INECIP (1993-).

5.                  Editor of materials on Justice and Multilingualism, and bilingual materials. ONU, Guatemala (1996-1998).

6.                  Member, Editorial Committee “Perú Hoy“. International bulletin. CEAS. Lima , 1991-1992.

7.                  Editor. National network of legal defense in human rights bulletin, published by Legal Department, CEAS. Editor of books on human rights. CEAS. Lima , 1989 -1992.

8.                  Member, editorial council of the Faculty of Law. “Revista Derecho“. Catholic University . Lima , 1986.





1.                  The International Institute on Law and society, founding Director.

2.                  The International Network on Interculturalism (Red Internacional de Interculturalidad). (2003-)

3.                  Latin American Committee of Law and Society Association, delegate (1994-2001).

4.                  International Association of Sociology of Law (1992-).

5.                  Latin American Committee on Legal Anthropology, delegate for Peru . (2000-2002).

6.                  Mayan scholars network. Guatemalan network. (1998-).

7.                  Legal Pluralism and Communal Justice Round Table. Peru . Founding member. Adviser (1992). (site under construction

8.                  Peruvian and Latin American Network on Alternative dispute resolution “Desfaciendo Entuertos”, sponsored by- INECIP. (1993-).

9.                  ICOPA-International Conference and Network on Penal Abolition (1995-).

10.               Punishment and State Committee (“Pena y Estado”). Latin American network coordinated by Juan Bustos and Alberto Binder. (1993-).

11.               Latin American Group of Critical Criminology (1989-).

12.               Asociation des Auditeurs del´Academie Internationale de Droit Constitutionnel, Tunisia (1995-).

13.               Latin American Committee for Women Rights-CLADEM, member of network (1992-).

14.               The Bar Association of Lima, Peru (Colegio de Abogados de Lima ). (1993-).




English version to print:

Español (Spanish version):

Versión para imprimir en español:





General data. 1

i. Studies. 1

ii. Awards 2

iii. Professional experience. 2

iii. University teaching experience 6

iv. Publications 7

v. Editorial experience 9

vi. Membership. 10

-English version to print (word)
-Español (Spanish version)


Books/ Libros

Pathways to justice in Cambodia (2005)

Coordinación derecho indígena y derecho estatal

Justicia y Multilinguismo

Articles in/ Artículos:

El derecho a la lengua de los pueblos indígenas. J. Ordonez (ed) UNAM 2003

 Multiculturalism in Latin America. R. Sieder (ed)
London, 2002

Hacia una ley Rondas Campesinas. Defensoría Pueblo Perú (2002)

Identidades culturales y derechos humanos. M. Calvo (ed) IISJ 2002

Alpanchis # 59-60, 2002

ILSA: Beyond Law 2001

ILSA# 25 Administracion Justicia 2000

R. Yrigoyen en: Derecho consuetudinario. Milka Castro (ed.) 2000

The Challenge of Diversity. W. Assies et al (ed) 2000

El Reto de la Diversidad. W. Assies 1999

Justicia Penal y Comunidades Indígenas. INECIP 1999

América Indígena. M. Castro y Ma T. Sierra (eds) 1999

La Joven sociología en Espana. Domínguez y Ulgar. IISJ 1997

Alternative Policing Styles. UNICRI 1994

CONCYTEC: Investigaciones 1994

IEJES El Salvador 1994

A. Oré: Estudios de derecho procesal 1993

Boletin CAJ: Rondas y Pluralismo

CEAS: Justicia y Derechos Humanos 1992

ILSA: Jurimprudencias # 2, 1991


Informe Situación Carcelaria en Colombia 2001 (HCHR)

Informe Final CEH Guatemala, 1998