Programa Internacional de Intercambio en 
Multiculturalidad, Derechos Indígenas y Pluralismo Jurídico (Español)

International Exchange Program on 
Multiculturalism, Indigenous rights and Legal Pluralism

Who are we? 





How to join?









·        Inter-University Exchange Program

·        Observatories, Legal Reform, Outreach

·        Support to the UN Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples



(5th. v. updated in Nov. 2007)


Note: Next meeting in Chile, during the Course of Legal Antrhopology (Nov. 2007 -PRANJU) we will see possible common programmes among the universities present there.




Institution and Contact


International Institute on Law and Society (

- Jr Ribeyro 132, Lima 11, Perú  tel-fax (51-1) 424-1723

- Raquel Yrigoyen F., overall coordination

- General Coordination

- Launching of Initiative

- Proposal: Foundational Document

- Drafting and distribution of Circulars, Initial Questionnaire

- Receipt of Letters of Intent and Initial Questionnaire

Universidad de Sevilla y Universidad Internacional de Andalucía Contacts:

-Bartolomé Clavero ( and

- Pablo Gutiérrez (

- Univ. Sevilla: Lead role for presentations to funds

- Receipt of Letters of Intent and Initial Questionnaire

FLACSO-Ecuador. Anthropology Program.

Contacts: Fernando García ( and Gina Chávez (

Contact with related networks in Latin America : Indigenous Fund, RELAJU, etc.

Universidad de Deusto, Human Rights Institute, Indigenous Peoples Team. Contacts: Xavier Extebarria and Mikel Berraondo. (,

- Launching of Initiative

- Receipt and systematization of Initial Questionnaire

Universidad de la Frontera,  Indigenous Rights program and Law School of the Catholic University of Temuco ( Chile ). Contacts: José Aylwin ( and Rodrigo Lillo (

- Coordination of meeting in Chile July 2003

- Participation in ALFA

University of Arizona , Indigenous Peoples Law And Policy Program, IPLPP. Contacts: James Anaya and Luis Rodriguez-Pinero (,

- Contact with universities in USA .

- Monitoring case law ( USA and InterAmerican Court of Human Rights)

Instituto Internacional de Sociología Jurídica de Onati –IISJ ( Manuel Calvo (

- Launching of Initiative


UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples.  Rodolfo Stavenhagen ( 

- Program and institutional support




The International Exchange Program in Multiculturalism, Indigenous Rights and Legal Pluralism (the “Program” or “IEP”) consists in a network of diverse universities and institutions that have programs or courses in these subject areas, and which share among themselves information, experiences and activities related to multiculturalism, Indigenous rights and legal pluralism.


The participating institutions in the IEP optimize their own programs and participate in a network that promotes several activities, including: (i) the exchange of information and experiences; (ii) the coordination and development of joint academic activities; (iii) the development of information and educational technologies; (iv) the exchange of professors and students; (v) the development of inter-university common programs; and, to the extent feasible, (vi) the standardization of credits, courses and degrees, respecting each institution’s own norms and practices.


The Program operates from the perspective of pluralism, one that encourages the construction of a pluricultural state by overcoming assimilationist and integrationist Indigenous policies.  To this end, the IEP promotes multiculturalism, Indigenous rights, the recognition of Indigenous authorities and customary law, the rights of other minorities, and intercultural dialogue concerning the definition of human rights, legal reform and the articulation of public policy.


The IEP includes an academic exchange component, four substantive outreach or impact areas, and a component dedicated to providing technical assistance to the UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples.  Its academic exchange aspect focuses on the education and exchange of scholars, the ongoing development of critical and pluralist theories, and research. 


The four areas in which the Program hopes to have an impact are: (i) capacity-building of indigenous peoples and other groups, as well as the strengthening of Indigenous authorities and customary law; (ii) legal reform, including the development of pluralist legislative proposals; (iii) the development of jurisprudence favorable to pluralism via test cases and legal defense of collective rights; and (iv) the development of pluralist public policies.





Academic Exchange Component

Initial IEP Exchange Activity

Outreach Extension of Initial IEP Exchange Activity

Member Institutions

Exchange of information and experiences regarding university programs in multiculturalism, legal pluralism, and Indigenous rights

- Institutionalization of the network

- Cooperation: carrying out specific academic activities between various universities and institutions




Outreach or Impact Areas:

Inter-Institutional Observatories

Outreach Activities

1. Capacity-building of Indigenous Peoples, other groups, and customary law

Monitoring and research on multiculturalism, Indigenous peoples and legal pluralism: intercultural relations and processes, instances of legal pluralism and the state of customary law.

Capacity-building programs (beneficiaries: Indigenous peoples, organizations, authorities, and their own legal systems)

2. Legal, Legislative  Reform

Legal Observatory:

Monitoring and analysis of legal proposals: legislation, constitutional provisions, and international instruments concerning multiculturalism, legal pluralism and indigenous customary law.

Impact on Legal Reform

(e.g. Consultation to NGOs and state officials working on Indigenous policy.)

3. Development of Case law / Jurisprudence

Jurisprudence Observatory:  Monitoring and analysis of jurisprudence concerning multiculturalism, legal pluralism and indigenous customary law at the national level (Supreme Courts, Constitutional Courts) as well as at the international level (ICHR, ILO).

Support of Litigation Teams (i.e., teams defending collective rights at national and international levels.)

4. Development of Public Policy

Public Policy Observatory:

Monitoring and analysis of public policy concerning multiculturalism, legal pluralism and indigenous customary law (local, national and international levels)

Promotion of pluralist public policies

Activities aimed at making an impact on institutional change and the development of national and international pluralist public policies.





Support of the UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples

Provision of Information

- Systematic and periodic supply of general and specialized information for purposes of keeping the Rapporteur up to date, as well as providing analysis to inform his reports, proposals and public declarations


Technical Assistance

- Specialized assistance for the reports, trips, proposals and other activities of the Rapporteur

- Support through provision of Research Assistants to the Rapporteur





1.  Promotion of an academic exchange network (immediate objective)


            The primary objective of the IEP is to draw together distinct academic programs that operate in the areas of multiculturalism, Indigenous rights and legal pluralism (or in related fields such as intercultural studies, collective rights, legal anthropology, legal sociology, critical theories of the state, law and democratic theory, etc.) for the purpose of building an institutionalized exchange program that permits the sharing of information and experiences, and that supplies a point of coordination for academic cooperation in the relevant fields of study.  The envisioned exchange program will permit the following:

  • ready access to shared information and databases;

  • optimization of academic and institutional resources, including enrichment of curricula, strengthening of human and educational resources;

  • facilitation of professor and student exchanges;

  • standardization of course credits and programs, respectful of each institutions norms and practices;

  • organization and execution of joint programs offered by member institutions;

  • improvement and development of communication and education technologies;

  • sharing of bibliographical resources.


2.  Development of a pluralist approach to law and politics (macro, long-term objective)


            The strategic idea underlying the IEP is the development of a pluricultural model of the state based on the effective recognition of the equal dignity possessed by all cultures and peoples.  The Program aims to promote in practice movement toward pluricultural states through a variety means, including:

  • intercultural dialogue;

  • articulation of a democratic conception of diversity;

  • intercultural definition of human rights;

  • capacity-building of Indigenous peoples and minority groups;

  • recognition of Indigenous peoples and minorities as the subjects rather than objects of public policy;

  • means of implementing public policies that reflect an ethos of diversity and pluralism rather than assimilationism and integrationism;

  • recognition of Indigenous authorities and customary law (legal pluralism).


3.   Influence of public policies (medium term objective)


            The medium term objective of the IEP is to strengthen mechanisms for reform of legal institutions through investigation-action research, reform-oriented studies conducted by their intended beneficiaries (Indigenous peoples, minorities), university outreach programs and nonformal education aimed at specific target audiences (Indigenous leaders, Indigenous political representatives, judges and justice officials, functionaries and policymakers).  In this sense, educational and other academic efforts will be geared toward the following:

·         capacity-building of Indigenous, campesina and other organizations;

·         development of pluralist legislative proposals;

·         development of pluralist public policies;

·         development of pluralist-sensitive jurisprudence via test cases and legal defense of collective rights.



4.  Provision of technical assistance to the UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples


            This is a permanent objective, and seeks to support the Rapporteur’s international leadership on Indigenous issues in order to promote Indigenous rights, as well as the pluralist and dialogue-oriented conception of the state.  One aspect of the contemplated technical assistance will be provided in the form of periodic and systematic reports on the state of multiculturalism, legal pluralism and Indigenous rights.  Another aspect will take the form of Research Assistants and Interns who will work with the Rapporteur, and other mechanisms established in consultation with the Rapporteur.




The IEP offers an institutionalized but open and diverse program of exchange and cooperation between its members.  These include (but do not necessarily exhaust):


1.  Exchange of information and experiences


This is a permanent activity that contemplates the exchange of information and experiences in order to facilitate the optimization of member programs and future joint and cooperative activities assumed by IEP members.  This activity includes, progressively:

·         a directory of current members’ programs and electronic distribution of information regarding them, as well as electronically accessible data bases related to the IEP (academic as well as outreach information);

·          implementation of mechanisms to facilitate exchanges of experiences regarding current members’ programs, curricula, methodologies, students, human and material resources, educational and outreach strategies (in the four principal areas indicated above under “Objectives”);

·         optimization of programs, taking advantage of accumulated and shared experiences;

·         establishment of mechanisms to permit exchanges of professors and students, joint activities, and other forms of cooperation.


2.  Academic Coordination and Cooperation


This is another permanent activity, one concerned with standardization across and coordination between members’ programs, bearing in mind the relevant norms and practices of member institutions.  This activity includes, progressively:


·         A system of exchanges, visits, and internships

Program members develop simplified mechanisms to permit student exchanges, be they for short of longer terms of regular course study (e.g., semester exchanges or exchanges to permit students to take a specialized or intensive course), or for graduate research.

·         Standardization of credits, courses, and degrees

After a preliminary study conducted by Program members aimed at defining common criteria and an external evaluation method, there is a consensus that many members will be able to standardize some credits, courses and programs so that they are recognized by other members.

·         Establishment of common programs offered by various institutions

The IEP envisions student participation in common programs offered by various members, with the possibility of students doing different parts of these common programs at different universities.   Similarly, it is hoped that common programs will engage non-university institutions (e.g., ALFA-supported institutions, UN bodies, the OAS, Indigenous organizations) so that students will be able to gain credits and do research through internships or research visits conducted at those institutions. 

·         Professorial exchange and excellence

The IEP contemplates an interdisciplinary exchange of academics between Program members, and the development of a special program to permit academics to achieve advanced degrees or titles in related fields.  This is especially valuable for many Latin American scholars who have not had the opportunity to advance past the Masters level due to limited curricula offerings in their home countries. 

·         Scholarships and financial support

The Program seeks the approval and recognition of foreign aid bodies that fund scholarships so that its members’ programs are included among those eligible to receive financial assistance for scholarships (e.g. AECI, the UN Indigenous Peoples program).  One of the objectives of the scholarships is to promote the participation in academic institutions of Indigenous and grassroots community leaders who have no other means of financing themselves.  Similarly, the IEP will promote agreements with public and legal institutions so that those institutions will permit their staff to take part in member programs (e.g., judges, public prosecutors and defenders, administrative decision-makers).

·         Development of research

The IEP is especially interested in promoting research that will permit both the optimization of educational activities and a deepening of our understanding of the Program’s core substantive areas of academic interest (multiculturalism, legal pluralism and Indigenous rights).   To this end, the Program will promote transversal and comparative approaches to research in which both students and professors may participate.   The Program will also seek to establish research-oriented relationships with civil society organizations, and will provide them with technical and educational assistance to encourage their participation.

·         Optimization of technical and educational resources

The Program seeks the continual improvement of bibliographical and educational resources in general, and promotes the use of the most advanced information and communication technologies, suitably adapted to suit local conditions, necessities and cultures.  The IEP utilizes and makes available data bases provided by the professors, programs, projects and centers of member institutions.

·         Nonformal educational programs

The IEP collaborates and implements nonformal educational activities aimed at Indigenous leaders and others who do not have sufficient formal education to undertake university study, but who possess valuable experience based on their political and community activity.  The Program also develops special programs for policymakers and public decision-makers which are not necessarily part of standard university curricula.  In addition the IEP seeks to support traditional systems of learning and knowing practiced by Indigenous peoples and local communities.


3.  Social/political/legal outreach and impact


            The IEP’s principal outreach and impact areas have a research and analysis component (the Observatories) and other components that contemplate direct action aimed at influencing legislative reform, public policy and jurisprudence along pluralist lines.  See the means enumerated under “Objectives” above.





1.   Exchange of information (mandatory)

            Institutions interested in joining the Program must be prepared to send certain publicly accessible institutional information via email, within the indicted time frames.  This includes a completed version of Questionnaire 1 (see below, Additional Documents), and possibly other information of a nonconfidential nature that may be solicited.


2.  Active participation in specific activities (optional)

            Member institutions have the right to participate in all of the Program’s activities, in accordance with their interest and the guidelines established regarding each activity.


3.  Formalization of Agreements (mandatory)

  • Delivery via email of a completed version of Questionnaire 1 to the three coordinating institutions: IILS, the Univ. of Sevilla (Pablo Gutiérrez)  and the Univ. of Deusto (Mikel Berraondo):,

  • Delivery of Letter of Intent email to each of the three institutions mentioned above, and by regular mail (signed) to one of them (see below, Additional Documents).

  • In the coming months the IEP’s Constitution with be drafted and circulated to interested institutions for their comment and eventual approval.

  • Declaration of Interest to participate in fundraising to support the participation of the applicant institution or common programs.




1.  Launching of initiative (November 2002 – April 2003)

      The International Institute on Law and Society (IILS) initiated the IEP with an initial Foundational Document on November 18, 2002 .  The proposal was launched in Oñati with the support of the Instituto Internacional de Sociología Jurídica de Oñate, as well as the Indigenous Peoples Team of the Univ. of Deusto .   The initiative won rapid adherents who then became part of the Implementation Team (see page 1).


2.  Definitive version of Foundational Document, Letter of Intention and initial study (May – June 2003)

      The Implementation Team drafted a third version of the Foundation Document, as well as a model Letter of Intention and Questionnaire, each of which were circulated to institutions that had expressed an interest in building and joining the IEP.  The Questionnaire seeks to collect information regarding the needs of member institutions, their educational mandate, and proposals for the IEP’s Constitution.   By May 2003, 30 institutions has expressed an interest in participating in the IEP.   The Univ. of Sevilla proposed gathering proposals for program funding to be directed to ALFA and AECI.


3.  Interested institution’s expressions of interest, delivery of information (open)

            With the suggestions from interested institutions in hand, in July 2003 final revisions were made to the Foundational Document.

            The Implementation Team decided to leave open to new institutions the option to join the Program, so long as those institutions remit the Letter of Intention and complete Questionnaire 1.  The IEP will remain open to new members in this manner until such time as the IEP has a Constitution in place that would then control admission to the Program through a standardized Membership Agreement.


4.  The IEP’s Constitution

            The IEP’s Constitution will be drafted by the Implementation Team and submitted to the Program’s then present members for comment and revision.  A definitive version will then be circulated to members for approval and ratification by way of signature.   Institutions that then wish to join the IEP may do so by signing a standardized Membership Agreement.


5.  Application to funds

It is open the possibility to apply for funds.


6. Meeting in Chile, Nov. 2007.

Taking the advantage of the call for a Course on Legal anthropology organized byt the University of Chile (Milka Castro) we will have a meeting to evaluate possible common programs in the region. (More info of the course in Spanish: PRANJU, Nov. 2007).








Nov.  2002 – April 2003

- Launch of Program




- Delivery of Letter of Intention and Questionnaire

Interested Institutions

December 2003

1.    Drafting of Constitution

2.    Formulation of IEP within  “logical framework”

Promotion Team --IILS


Comment, revision and ratification of IEP Constitution


Feb. 2004 - Application to ALFA U. Sevilla

Nov. 2007

 Meeting in Santiago de Chile at the University of Chile- PRANJU

U. Chile (Milka Castro)





Latin America

Institutions without university status


1.       International Institute on Law and Society-IILS ( Address in Peru : - Jr Ribeyro 132, Lima 11, Perú  tel-fax (51-1) 424-1723. Contacts:

- Raquel Yrigoyen F., overall coordination


2.       Argentina : Instituto de Estudios en Ciencias Penales y Comparadas-INECIP ( Contact: Silvina Ramírez, Directora (


3.       Argentina : Equipo de Pueblos indígenas ( Contact: Luis Zapiola (


4.       Guatemala : Asociación de Justicia y Multiculturalidad. Contact: Jorge Rodríguez (


5.       Perú: Instituto Pedagógico Superior Público Nuestra Señora de Chota. Contact: Norka Yrigoyen, Director (


6.       Fundación Causa Amerindia Kiwxi (CAK). Contacts. Julio Ávalos, tel: +58 286 9231983 / 9230230. Hernán González, tel: +58 212 4824001


Latin American Universities


7.       Bolivia: Universidad Mayor de San Andrés de La Paz. Contact: Esteban Ticona (

- Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas de la Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, de La Paz , Bolivia . Contact: Ramiro Barrenechea Zambrana (Dean) (,


8.       Brasil: Universidad de Brasilia, Departamento de Antropologia, Contacts: Stephen Grant Baines,  Adolfo de Oliveira,


9.       Chile : Universidad de la Frontera,  Programa de Derechos Indígenas. Contact: José Aylwin (


10.   Chile . Escuela de Derecho de la Universidad Católica de Temuco. Contact: Rodrigo Lillo (


11.   Universidad de Santiago de Chile. Contact: Milka Castro (


12.   Ecuador: FLACSO, Programa de Antropología. Contacto: Fernando García ( and Gina_Chávez (


13.   Ecuador : Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar. Contacts: Ximena Endara, por Derecho ( y Judith Salgado, Coordinadora del Programa Andino de Derechos Humanos (


14.   FLACSO-Guatemala, Programa de Estudios Étnicos. Contacts: Manuela Camus, María Piedad Vargas and Claudia Dary F. (


15.   México: CIESAS. Contact: María Teresa Sierra (


16.   México: Universidad Autónoma de México-UNAM, Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas, Postgrados en derecho indígena. Contacto: José Emilio Ordóñez, Coordinator (

UNAM. Law. Oscar Correas


17.   México: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad Azcapotzalco, Maestría en Derecho Rural, Derecho Ambiental y Derechos de los Pueblos Indios. Contact: Carlos Humberto Durand Alcántara, (,, and Ana Ofelia Sánchez Valenciana (


18.   México. Universidad Autónoma Chapingo -UACh, Programa de investigación y servicio en sociedad y cultura del CIISMER. Contactos: José Alfredo Castellanos, Director del Departamento de Sociologia Rural, y Ramon Rivera, Responsable del Programa (


19.   Nicaragua : Universidad Uraccan. Contact: Alta Hooker Blanford, (Rector) (


20.   Venezuela : Universidad de Zulia, Instituto de Filosofía del Derecho. Contacts: Elida Aponte Sánchez (Director) ( and Ricardo Colmenares (


21.   Venezuela . Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas. Mérida , Venezuela . Contact: Vladimir Aguilar (



North America


22.   University of Arizona , Indigenous Peoples Law And Policy Program, IPLPP ( Contacts: Prof. S. James Anaya, Co-Director, IPLPP and Luis  Rodriguez-Pinero,  Research Fellow, IPLPP (,






23.   University of Vienna , Faculty of Law, Institut für Recht und Religion. Contact: René Kupé (, Adjunct: Nicole Schabus.




24.   Instituto Internacional de Sociología del Derecho-IISJ, Antigua Universidad de Oñate ( Contact: Manuel Calvo, Director (


25.   Universidad de Deusto, Instituto de Derechos Humanos, Equipo de Pueblos Indígenas. Contact: Xavier Extebarria and Mikel Berraondo (,


26.   Universidad Internacional de Andalucía, Programa de " Pueblos Indígenas y Multiculturalidad Jurídica" (  Contact: Bartolomé Clavero, Director. (


27.   Universidad de Valencia, Proyecto I+D "Diversidad Cultural, conflicto y derecho". Contacto: Emiliano Borja, Director del Proyecto (


28.   Universidad de Barcelona, Filosofía del Derecho. Contact: Juan Ramón Capella y Héctor Silveira (


29.   Universidad de Sevilla, Facultad de Derecho. Contacts: Bartolomé Clavero ( and Pablo Gutiérrez Vega, Associate Professor (


Institutions without University status

30.   Centro de Investigación para la Paz -CIP de Madrid ( Contact: Nieves Zúñiga (


31.   Instituto Intercultural para la Autogestión y la Acción Comunal –INAUCO, adscrito a la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Contacts: Antonio Colomer ( and Vicente Cabedo ( Address: C/ Duque de Calabria, 16, puerta 16. 46005- Valencia . Tel- fax:43- 963877007- Ext. 72815.



32.   Università degli studi di Milano, Istituto di Filosofia e Sociologia del Diritto, Facoltà di Giurisprudenza. Contacts.  Roberto Cammarata (



33.   Universidad de Coimbra, Centro de Estudos Sociais (   Contact: Boaventura de Sousa Santos (, 


International Institution

34.   UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of the Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous Peoples, Rodolfo Stavenhagen (




AHOW TO JOIN? Send the following documents


1.       Letter of Intent: Carta de Intención para participar en el Programa

Send by snail mail (signed) to one of these institutions: IILS, Universidad de Sevilla, Universidad de Deusto.  Send by email to each one.


2.       Questionnaire 1: Cuestionario 1 – Send by email to each of IILS, Mikel Berraondo, Univ. Deusto and Univ. Sevilla:,,


Note: Although the de facto working language of the IEP is Spanish, if more convenient for your institution, please feel free to supply the Letter of Intent and to fill out Questionnaire 1 in English, French or Portuguese.  


[1]  Summary and translation of Spanish original by Evan Fox-Decent.  The Spanish version  is available at   The working language of the IEP is Spanish.


  This page: (updated in Nov. 2007)


Versión en español:




English version:



Info webmaster:


Who are we? 





How to join?



Note: This page is under construction.


Institutional support: International Institute on Law and society (  

Info webmaster: 

















(Versión en ESPAÑOL)




Rodolfo Stavenhagen (Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples, IILS-IIDS)


 Madrid (Nov. 2003): Javier Jiménez (U. Valencia), Bartolomé Clavero (U. Sevilla), Raquel Yrigoyen F. (IIDS), Fernando Flores (U. Valencia), Rodolfo Stavenhagen (Relator PI), Nieves Zúñiga (CIP), Daniel Oliva (U. Carlos III) 


James Anaya (U. Arizona) y Bartolomé Clavero (U. Sevilla) Madrid (Nov. 2003)


Iñigo Arenillas (col. IIDS), Ricardo Colmenares (U. Zulia), R. Yrigoyen (IIDS), James Anaya (U. Arizona) (Madrid Nov. 2003)


Equipo de la U. Valencia dirigido por Emiliano Borja (Valencia, Nov. 2002)


Ramón Rivera (U. Chapingo), Boaventura de Sousa Santos (U. Coimbra), Rachel Sieder (U. Londres/IIDS), Fernando García (FLACSO-Ecuador)- ajabo: Soraya Yrigoyen (IIDS)

(Quetzaltenango, 2002)


Evan Fox-Decent (IIDS), Nina Pacari, Rachel Sieder (ILAS/ IIDS), Rodrigo Lillo (U. Frontera) (Quetzaltenango, 2002)